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қ???????? ???? ??? ???? ???????? ???????.
????????? ??? ҳ?? ?????қ????? ??????? ????
????? ??????? ????? ??қ???. ??????? қ???????? ????????, ?????? ??қ? ?? ????? ??????,
қ?????????? ҳ?? ??????? ?????????? ??????,
????қ ғ??????? ????? ???????. ?? ????? қ??
????? ??????, ??????? қ???????? ???қ-??қ??
???????? қ????? ???? ?????? ??????, қ??????
????? ҳ???????? ??ғ??? ???. ?? ?ҳ????? ?????? ????? ҳ????? қ???? ?? ??????? ???қ-??қ??, ????, ғ???? ????? ????????? ??қ??????
??????? ?? ?????? ?????????? қ????қ, ?????,
????қ????? ????? ??? ???????? ???? ????????. ??? ??????? ????? ??ҳ????? ?ғ?? қ?????????????? ?????? ????????. ? ??? ??? ??????? ?????????? ҳ????????? ?? қ????? ??????
???? ҳ?????? қ????. ????қ ?????қ????? ??????? ??????, ??????? ??? қ????? ?????.
?? ????? ?????? ??????? ?? ?????, ???ғ??????? ????? ???????? ????? ҳ??????? ?????-????? ???????? ?????? ????? ???ғ?????
қ???????? ??????? қ????????. ???? ??? ????? ??????? ????????? ҳ??, ??????? ???????????? ??????? ??????? ????? ???? ???????
?? ???????? ???? қ???? ??????. ?????? ???
???????? ?????? ????? ?????? қ?????? ?? ??
???????????? ???? ???????? ?????????,
???????? ????????????? ??????. ?????? ??ҳ?????? ????? ???ҳ?? ???ғ???? ???? ???????.
??? ??????? ????? 34 ?????? (252 ??) ?????????? ????? ????? ???ғ?????? ???? ?????. ? ????? ????? 240 ????? ?????? ??? ???, ?????.
???ғ???? ҳ??????? ??? ???? ??ғ??? ??????? ?????-????? ????? ????? ?????. ?????? ????? ?????? ??ҳ????? ????? ????? қ???? ?????
?????????? ??қ?? ???ғ?????? 1 ?????? (7 8
??) ?????????? ????? қ????ғ??? ????????.
????? ҳ?? қ????? ????? ???ғ??????? ??қ??
?????? ????????. ???? ???????? ?????? ?????
????? қ?????, ??ҳ????? ????? қ????? қ?????
????? ????????? қ??????. ??????? ?ҳ????? ??ҳ?? ????????????? ???????? ??ҳ?????
??????? қ?????? қ???????. ?????? ????????
?????? ????? қ??????? ?????? ?????? ?????
????????? ??????. ??ҳ????? ????? ?? ?ҳ???
?????? ???? қ??????, ???? Ҳ???? ??? ??? ????ҳ
?????????? ????? ?????? қ?????. ???????
?ҳ????? ????? ??????? ???-????????? ?????
қ???? ?????. ?? ????қ? 1499 ??? ???? ??? ??????? ????? ??? ?????? ?????? қ???? ???????.
????? ??? қ???? қ????????? ???????, ???ғ??????? ??? ????? қ?????? ?????? ?????? қ???? ?????? ??????. ?????? ????? ?????? ????
Ҳ???? қ??????? ???????? ????????????? ?????? қ?????? ??????? ???????? ??????? ??? ??
?қ???????? ??????? ???????. ? ????? ҳ??????? ?????, ????????????? ????? ??ғ? ????????
??????? ?????. ????? ???? ?? ?қ?????? ?????
Қ??????? ????? ???? ????? ??????. ????? ????
?? ??????? ??? ???? ??? ?????, ?? ?????? ??????? ????? қ????????? ????? ????????? қ??????.
??ҳ????? ????? ?? ?ҳ??? ?????? ???? ???????????? ?ҳ??? ?????? ??ҳ???? қ???????????
????, ???? ????? қ????????? ????ҳ ?????????.
???? ???????? ??????? ???? ?????? ??ҳ???????? ????? ??????????? ????? ???? ??????????. ?????? ??ҳ?????? ?ғ?? ?????? ??ҳ?????
?????? ?? ?ҳ??? ?????????? ??ғ??? ?ҳ??????
????????????? 6 ???? ??????? ??ғ?? қ??????? ??ҳ????? ??????? ????? ???? ???????.
??????? ?????? ??????, ??ҳ????? ????? ??
?ҳ??? ?????? ????? қ????????? ??қ?? ???????
қ???? ?????? ???????????. ?ҳ??? ??????????
???????????, ????-ҳ?????? ??????? ??? ????
?? ???????? ???? ???-??? ???????? ҳ???????
???? ?????? ?? ????қ??? ҳ??? ?????. ??ҳ???,
????? ?? ?????????? ??????? Қ?????? ????????? ???? ??? ????? ҳ?? қ???? ??????қ???
????? ????? ????????? ?? ???? ?ғ?-??? ???????? ??????? ????????? ???????қ ????????.
??????? ??????қ ??????????? ??????? ??ҳ???, ғ????? ??????????, ???қ?? ???ғ?????? ?????? ҳ??????? ????? ????? ???????????,
ғ????? ?????? ????????? ?????????? ??ғ????
??????????? ?????? ҳ??????? ??ҳ????? ?????
??????????? ????. ??????? ???? ?????? ??????
???? ??????????. ??ҳ???? ??қ?? ???-??? ?????қ????? ???? қ?????, ???? ?????қ??? қ????
???????????? ?????, ? ??????? ????????, ???ғ??? ????? ??? ??ҳ????? ??????????? ???????
?????????. ?? ????? 1499 ??? ??????? ?????
??????????. ?? ???????? ????? ?????????
?????? ?ҳ??????? қ??? ??????????? ?????????????.
?????қ??? ҳ??????? ?????? ??? ????? ????? ?????қ??????? ????? ???????? ??????????? ???????? ??????? ????? ?????, ? ??? ?????
??????? ?????. ?? ҳ?? ??????? ??ҳ??????? ???????? ?????қ??? ????? ???? ????????? ???
???????. ?????? ??????????? ???????????
1497 1499 ???????? ?????қ????? ҳ???? ???????? ??? ???? ????? қ???? қ????. 1500 ??????? 28 ?????? ?????қ??????? ???ғ ????????? ??ҳ????? ???????? ???????? ????? қ????
??? ???? ???????????? ?????????, ?????
????? ҳ??????? ??????????. ???? ????? ??????? ?????қ????? ???? қ???? ?????? ?????????
?????? ????????. ???? ???ғ??? ????? ???-???
???????? ????? ??????????? ????? ҳ?? ??????
???? ?????? ???. ????? ??????????? ?? ?????ҳ???????? ????? ?????қ????? ???? қ????
?????????? ???????? ???????? ?? ???? ?????қ????? ???? ???????? қ???? қ??????. Ҳ????? ?????????? қ???? ??????????? ?? ?????
??????????? ?????қ??? ???? ??? ???????. ?????қ????? ?қ?????????? ??????????? ?????
??? ????? ???????? ????? ????, ?????қ?????
???? қ???????????? ????? ?????? ????? ????? ?????????? ??? ??????? ????????. ?????
??????? ????? ????????қ?? ?????? ??????????
?????? ??????? ?? ???? ???. ? ????? 14 ??? ??????. ?? ????? ?????қ??? ҳ??????? ?????? ???
????????? ????? ??ҳ??????? ?????????????
?????? ????? ??????, ???? ??? ??????????
????, ?????? ??? ??????? ?ғ?? ???????? қ???? қ????, ??ҳ?? ??????? ?????????????
?????? қ?????. ??????????? ?? ????? ????????? ???? ????? ?????қ????? ??????? ?????
?????????. ??????????? ?????қ????? ????????? ????????? ????????? ?????? ??? ???????
қ??? ????????.
dle 11.1